A true story about the famous Caribbean liqueur
When people think of rum, they Caribbean.. They hold hands and leave for a good reason. Rum, a distilled liqueur made from sugar cane, is Invented in the West Indies, For that Porto RicoIn the 17th century, between the Dominican Republic and Cuba and several other countries. The mind played a major role in African slave trade During this time, slaves brought from Africa were traded to the West Indies in exchange for the molasses used by the American colonial people to produce rum, and then to Africa in exchange for more slaves. it was done.
The early history of the now-beloved liqueur is neither beautiful nor, to be honest, later, but today it is closely tied to the Latin American culture of the Caribbean, the atmosphere of the island and cocktails on the beach. Brought the beloved spirit to the world. Many Caribbean countries, including Jamaica and Barbados, are well known for rum, but at least in the United States, Puerto Rico is almost synonymous with rum thanks to the success of Bacardi.
Growing up in a Puerto Rican family, especially Rum and Bacardi, was part of every family event and event I can remember. From Christmas coquito to summer pina colada barbecue to direct shots after the start of a late dance, rum has always been associated with Puerto Rican tradition.
Interestingly, rum actually started off a lot more Cuban. “Rum, shaped by Cuban climate, geography, history and people, is an integral part of the country’s culture,” reads the description of the nationalized Havana Club rum website. According to the chronology of the history of Rum production in Cuba As stated on their site, rum did not become a major industry on the small island until the country fought for independence from Spain in the 19th century.
At this time, Cuban rum distilleries quickly adopted the latest production methods, the first of what is now called light rum, unlike dark rum, which was common in the Caribbean at the time. I have become a person. Cuban rum producers were essentially the pioneers of the styles of rum that are mainly associated with Puerto Rico today.
By the 1930s, the industry was booming for popular rum companies like Havana Club, inspired by the wealthy Americans who traveled to Cuba during Prohibition in the United States. It was founded by the Arechabara family and Bacardi was founded by Fakund Bacardi on February 4, 1862 in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba.
But in the 1950s, Cuban political relations were turbulent, and in 1960 Fidel Castro and his radical Communist government Country rum distillery (And other companies) In an attempt to get rid of capitalism, Cuban rum production has been shut down completely. Cubans, including the families of Arechabara and Bacardi, were banished, and others voluntarily fled the country to escape Castro’s administration. Many have landed on the neighboring islands of Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic.
The Cuban government took over the Bacardi building and nationalized the Havana Club brand. To this day, Cuba produces rum under the Havana Club name. However, the founders of the Havana Club and Bacardi moved their activities to Puerto Rico after the Cuban Revolution. A few years ago, the Cuban government was in Cuba when Bacardi opened a distillery in Puerto Rico and shipped very special yeast cell strains used to make rum to the distillery. When I destroyed things, all hope was not lost.
Bacardi was able to continue producing its specialty rum in different parts of the world. Despite his exile, the Bacardi family’s business is now based in Puerto Rico, thanks to numerous tax incentives from the US government, where Puerto Rico was then federal. By 1965, the company was back on track and positioned for global expansion. Its presence in Puerto Rico has led to an island that currently produces approximately 70% rum Sold in the United States.
But the Havana Club did not have the same luck. Despite the continued use of the Havana Club name in connection with Cuban rum, the Arechabara family’s rum operations have been closed for decades. But in 1994 Bacardi bought a long-standing property Recipe from the Arechabara family The Havana Club has also started producing Puerto Rican rum. As a result, the two iconic rums are now produced in Puerto Rico, using recipes established by Cubans in Cuba over 150 years ago, bringing Cuban tradition to every bottle. Proudly, it is considered Puerto Rican rum.
Despite the rather terrible history of rum, today it is a drink that connects Latin Americans to the Caribbean, similar to European, African and indigenous ancestors shared by Puerto Rico, Cuba and the Dominican Republic. And, like our traditional cuisine and music, it will undoubtedly be an eternal bond between three countries with such similar cultures, despite their very different histories. Let’s do it. Currently, there are approximately 12 rum distilleries in Cuba, three large rum distilleries each in Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic, and several smaller distilleries in each country.
Create one of the most popular spirits in the world and protect the traditional methods used to create it, despite the adversity of one of the most famous dictatorships in history. What is the ingenuity and creativity of the Cuban people? Admire and be proud.