LankaWeb – THE GENERAL ELECTION OF 1956 Half 3B
The federal government of Bandaranaike has made an enduring contribution to the nation’s social laws, particularly labor laws. The MEP’s authorities arrange conciliation councils, labor courts, the Staff’ Provident Fund and adopted Regulation No. 21 of 1957 on the prevention of social disabilities. These legal guidelines and our bodies are actually taken without any consideration. The pioneering function of the MEP is forgotten.
Institution of the federal government of MEPs Conciliation committees to facilitate the amicable settlement of disputes. Regulation No. 10 of 1958 on Conciliation Commissions was handed amid opposition to vested pursuits. Conciliation commissions have been to function in all of the villages. The chambers have been empowered to settle disputes of a civil nature, specifically these regarding movable property.
The legislation offered for the obligatory decision at group stage of minor disputes by neutral conciliators. The target of the legislation was to supply the conflicting events with a way more accessible, less expensive, speedy and participatory dispute administration course of. They’ve rendered an amazing service in resolving disputes on the village stage and avoiding prolonged litigation within the courts, stated WTA Leslie Fernando. Conciliation commissions operated from 1958 to 1977. They have been repealed in 1977. Mediation Fee Act No. 72 of 1988 is nothing greater than a continuation of conciliation commissions, Fernando stated.
Labor courts have been applied on 2.5.1959. Regulation 3 of 1950 on labor disputes offered just for obligatory arbitration at commerce union stage. An unjustly dismissed employee had nowhere to go for a remedy. It was to fill this hole that labor courts have been created by Regulation No. 62 of 1957.
Till the institution of those courts, a employee needed to apply to the civil courts within the occasion of unfair dismissal. It was past the technique of the employee. With the creation of labor tribunals, the employee who had a grievance now had a spot to go. Labor courts have delivered justice quicker than courts. If he needs, a employee can carry a non-lawyer earlier than the Labor Courtroom.
The worker provident fund (EPF) was established underneath Regulation No. 15 of 1958 and is presently Sri Lanka’s largest social safety scheme. It had an asset base of Rs. 2,289 billion in 2018.
The Prevention of Social Disabilities Act No. 21 of 1957 prohibits discrimination based mostly on caste. The legislation allowed all individuals to enter and be served in any public resort, nursing residence, eating room and restaurant. Acquire or use water from any public nicely, spring, water pipe or different public water provide. Enter or get hold of the service offered in a public barber store or laundry room. Enter a public cemetery and attend or participate in any burial or cremation. Nobody must be prevented from coming into and worshiping in a temple that belongs to that particular person’s faith. This was a boon for the decrease caste teams of Jaffna, who on the time have been barred from coming into sure temples and barber outlets. Tamil politicians didn’t like this laws.
NATIONALIZATION OF BUS COMPANIES
The MEP had promised to nationalize the bus firms and create a Nationwide Transport Council. There have been a number of main bus firms on the time. Cyril de Soyza Southwest Bus Firm, working on the Colombo-Galle line. Silver Line bus service working in Colombo. Sri Lanka Omnibus Firm owned by Jayasena Madanayake of Peliyagoda, operated Colombo-Kandy- Gampaha-, Kurunegala run. Leo Fernando’s Panadura vehicle transport firm working on the Panadura-Ratnapura-Wellawaya- Buttala street.
There have been a bunch of small companies within the resort. Siri Medura Bus Firm operated buses from Gampaha to Waturugama. There was Blue Line Firm, Inexperienced Line Firm, Uva Bus Firm, Madhyama Lanka, Kandy Omnibus, Galle Motor Firm, and so on.
There was a longstanding dissatisfaction with the bus service offered by these personal firms. There was a number of public anger over the deplorable service offered and the massive income the bus house owners have been making, which they didn’t use to enhance the service. There was a rivalry between the bus house owners and brutal preventing. The staff have been handled badly.
The decision for the nationalization of the bus service had been there for a very long time, however the UNP authorities was not able to nationalize. The house owners of the bus firm have been all supporters of the UNP. They offered funds to the UNP and in addition offered bully tapes throughout the elections. Within the Fifties, 27 MPs had pursuits in bus firms.
The MEP nationalized the personal bus service. SWRD needed nationalization to be carried out in phases, Philip Gunawardene insisted it needed to be carried out unexpectedly. The Motor Transport Invoice for the Nationalization of Bus Companies was launched to the Home of Representatives on September 24, 1957 and handed on October 17, 1957. It was handed with out division. The buses have been nationalized in 1958.
All street passenger transport companies have been transferred from personal property to the state and on January 1, 1958 by the Transport Act No. 48 of 1957. The Ceylon Transport Council (CTB) was established to function bus service all through the island. The CTB offered bus transport to rural areas that had hitherto been inaccessible.
The SWRD has appointed a senior civil servant, Vere de Mel, because the chairman of the CTB. It was a wonderful alternative. He expertly dealt with the takeover after which arrange an built-in bus transport system that for the primary time served hitherto unreachable elements of the island. CTB additionally allowed passengers to journey to distant places with out having to vary buses at a number of places, Meegama famous.
It must be famous, nevertheless, that whereas this may occasionally have been good for transportation, it was a calculated blow for the rising Sinhala businessman. The takeover of the bus was a blow to them and plenty of “mudalalis buses” by no means recovered.
In 1956, three new rail companies, to Galle, Kandy and Jaffna, have been launched by BD Rampala, Normal Supervisor of Railways. These have been the Udarata Menike (Colombo-Badulla), Yal Devi (Colombo – Jaffna) and Ruhunu Kumari (Colombo-Matara).
All three trains have been launched in April 1956, the identical day. The intention was to extend passenger use of trains and scale back journey time. They function to this present day, with fashionable adjustments to each trains and tracks.
Yal Devi was the primary categorical practice in Ceylon. Beforehand, the practice journey to the north lasted 13 hours. There have been 83 stations on this line. . Yal Devi did it in seven hours, Udarata Menike lined 62 stations and 42 tunnels. ( Continued)